However, the competition between Cannes and Venice (with Berlin coming into the ring sometimes) is not new. In fact, Cannes was born out of this competition. It was political and artistic controversy that led to the establishment of Cannes; the French were mad at the bias towards Fascist films at Venice, and Cannes was soon born.
The intrigue and battle continues among Venice, Cannes and Berlin: there is a chance of a movie being rejected at one festival only to be only lifted and lauded at another. Several years ago, Jacob dismissed the darling dissident Chinese auteur, Zhang Yimou, for toeing the government line. His “Keep Cool” was rejected, and Yimou turned to Venice, which welcomed him. He won critical acclaim on the Lido, the island off Venice where the Festival is held.
At Cannes, the controversy does not end with the selection. The juries can equally fox you. Last year’s jury – presided over by Quentin Tarantino and which included outspoken actresses, Tilda Swinton and Emmanuelle Beart -- gave Cannes’ top award, Golden Palm, to Michael Moore’s political documentary, “Fahrenheit 9/11”. I felt that there were far better entries than Moore’s campaign piece.
Sometimes, the fight over the Palm can get vocal even with seemingly cool people. When the Danish filmmaker, Lars von Trier, got an award for technical excellence and a Jury Prize for “Europa”, he was sarcastic. “I will pass it on to my technician. I came for gold, not for bronze”. And, once Spike Lee cried: “We were robbed”.
All this can at times take a toll on the jury. Many attribute the premature death of director and Cannes jury president, Roberto Rossellini, in 1977, a few days after the festival, to a stress-related heart attack. It was allegedly brought on by the controversy over the movie awarded the Golden Palm that year, “Padre Padrone”, which edged out Ettore Scola's “A Special Day, produced by Carlo Ponti and starring his wife, Sophia Loren.
Despite all this, Cannes remains my favourite festival. This year, one hopes to see some more of the tried and tested auteurs: Michael Haneke with “Cache” starring Juliette Binoche; Jim Jarmursch with “Broken Flowers”, a comedy with Bill Murray; David Cronenberg with “A History of Violence” and; Atom Egoyan with “Where Truth Lies”.
Among the newer names are Tommy Lee Jones' modern Western “The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada”, and Dominik Moll's “Lemming”, which opens the Festival. Also in Competition is Robert Rodriguez's violent but brilliant “Sin City”. Looks like a lot of excitement is in store for a viewer.
(This story was posted on this website on May 9 2005)
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